difference between nematic and smectic liquid crystal

difference between nematic and smectic liquid crystal

Gk Exams at  2018-03-25


Go To Quiz

GkExams on 11-01-2019

Liquid crystal is a term referring to substances that are not crystalline (solid) nor isotropic (liquid), but somewhere between the two. There are three main types, or what is scientifically known as mesophases, of liquid crystals which can be identified by their varying amounts of molecular order and positioning. This arrangement of molecules is what makes the substance either more solid or liquid.

Nematic

The nematic phase is the simplest form of liquid crystal and is the phase in which the crystal molecules have no orderly position and are free to move any which way. However, while they have no specific order, during this phase the molecules do tend to point in the same direction, which is what differentiates it from a pure liquid. Liquid crystal in this phase can be characterized by its thread-like appearance when looked at under a microscope. The use of nematic liquid crystal is common in telescope lenses as it allows for a clear image when researchers are confronted with atmospheric turbulence.

Smectic

The smectic phase of liquid crystal, which is defined as being equivalent to the slippery, thick residue found at the bottom of soap dishes, is characterized by a slight degree of translational order in the crystal molecules which is not found in the nematic phase. While keeping similar orientation and pointing in the same direction as the molecules in nematic liquid crystal do, in this phase the molecules tend to line themselves up into layers. While these layers as a whole move freely, movement within the layers is restricted; therefore, it creates a slightly more solid substance. Smectic liquid crystal has been found to have fast electro-optical response time and because of this is used, along with nematic liquid crystal, in producing liquid crystal display (LCD) screens.



Comments Urvashi chandel on 12-05-2019

Difference vetween smetic and nematic liquid crystall



आप यहाँ पर difference gk, between question answers, nematic general knowledge, and सामान्य ज्ञान, smectic questions in hindi, liquid notes in hindi, crystal pdf in hindi आदि विषय पर अपने जवाब दे सकते हैं।

Total views 618
Labels: , ,
अपना सवाल पूछेंं या जवाब दें।

Comment As:

अपना जवाब या सवाल नीचे दिये गए बॉक्स में लिखें।

Register to Comment